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Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum

Overview Agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) is a congenital disorder characterized by incomplete development of the white matter which connects the two brain hemispheres, called the corpus callosum.  Often diagnosed in the early years, the clinical presentation of AgCC varies widely and encompasses both cognitive and behavioral symptoms. AgCC may be caused by genetic […]

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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by recurrent mild traumatic brain injuries (TBI), which are commonly a result of sports injuries.  Given the popularity of contact sports, research on the prevalence and development of CTE has grown in recent years. One study examining the brains of professional football players […]

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Overview Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive language decline. It is the less common type of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), which accounts for 20-40% of cases. The other type of FTD is called behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia, which affects personality and behavior. There are three subtypes of primary progressive aphasia, […]

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Overview Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a neurodegenerative disorder (or dementia) characterized by physical (resemble Parkinson’s disease), psychiatric (visual hallucinations), and cognitive (fluctuating cognition) symptoms. It is the second most common type of age-related dementia, preceded by Alzheimer’s disease. Initially, an individual may be diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment when deficits have not significantly […]

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Overview Behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by prominent changes in personality and behavior. It is the more common type of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), which accounts for 70% of cases. The other type of FTD is called primary progressive aphasia, which affects language abilities. Initially, an individual with behavioral variant […]

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Overview Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder (or dementia) notable for prominent memory loss and other cognitive impairments. It is the most common form of age-related dementias. Alzheimer’s disease is diagnosed through neuropsychological assessment, in which the individual’s cognitive abilities are tested using standardized administration of paper-and-pencil tests, and neuroimaging. Initially, an individual may […]

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